STUDI KEANEKARAGAMAN, BIOMASSA DAN CARBON STOCK BAMBU DI TAMAN HUTAN RAYA K.G.P.A.A. MANGKUNAGORO I

Yus Andhini Bhekti Pertiwi, Malihatun Nufus, Ana Agustina, Rissa Rahmadwiati, Rezky Lasekti Wicaksono, Ike Nurjuita Nayasilana

Abstract


K.G.P.A.A. Mangkunagoro I Forest Park is the one and only forest park in Central Java. As area of protection, life support system, and biodiversity preservation, K.G.P.A.A. Mangkunagoro I Forest Park plays an important role for life, especially for people around the forest area. To ensure this function, the sustainability of forest functions is determined by the presence of vegetation in the forest area. The purpose of this study was to determine the diversity of species, biomass and carbon stock of bamboo in K.G.P.A.A. Mangkunagoro I Forest Park. The diversity of bamboo species was observed by exploration method with an inventory. Then, based on the inventory data obtained, one species of bamboo was selected based on its number of clumps to determine the biomass and carbon storage. In the present study, there were 20 species bamboo at K.G.P.A.A. Mangkunagoro I Forest Park namely Bambusa balcoa, B. balcoa var. Capensis, B. bambos, B. blumeana, B. multiplex-green hedge, B. multiplex-alphanse karr, B. oldhami, B. tuldoides, B. vulgaris vulgaris, B. vulgaris vitata, B. vulgaris wamin budha, Dendrocalmus asper, D. asper thai, D. asper black, D. hamiltoni, Guadua amplexifolia, G. agustifolia, Oxytenanthera abysinica, Phyllostacys aurea, dan P. nigra. Furthermore, D. asper (petung bamboo) was the most dominated bamboo species. The number of D. asper were 758 clumps/ha and 3,213 reeds/ha. The average D. asper biomass was 6.02 kg/reed. Thus, the estimated biomass per ha was 19.5 tonnes/ha. In addition, D. asper has the ability to store carbon of 9.1 tonnes/ha.

 


Keywords


bamboo diversity; biomass; carbon storage

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arimukti, S.D. (2013). Keanekaragaman tumbuhan berguna di Taman Hutan Raya KGPAA Mangkunagoro I Jawa Tengah. Skripsi. Institute Pertanian Bogor.

Anokye, R., Bakar, E.S., Abare, A.Y., Kalong, R.M., & Muhammad, A. (2014). The difference in density along the bamboo culms of Gigantochloa scortichinii and Bambusa vulgaris. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 4(10), 638-643.

Badan Standarisasi Nasional. (2011). SNI 7724: Penyusunan persamaan alometrik untuk penaksiran cadangan karbon hutan berdasar pengukuran lapangan (ground based forest carbon accounting).

Baharuddin. (2013). Analisis Potensi Tegakan Bambu Parring (Gigantochloa atter) Sebagai Penyerap dan Penyimpan Karbon. Disertasi. Universitas Hasanuddin. Makassar.

Ben-zhi, Z., Mao-yi, F.U., Jin-zhong, X.I.E., Xiao-sheng, Y., & Zheng-cai, L.I. (2005). Ecological functions of bamboo forest: research and application. Journal of Forestry Research, 16: 143-147.

Chen, X., Zhang, X., Zhang, Y., Booth, T., & He, X. (2009). Forest ecology and management changes of carbon stocks in bamboo stands in China during 100 years. Forest Ecology and Management, 258(7): 1489-1496.

Daud, M., Hikmah, & Haerana. (2018). Potensi produksi oksigen pada tegakan bambu parring (Gigantochloa atter) di hutan rakyat Kecamatan Tompobulu Kabupaten Maros. Jurnal Matoa, 6(12), 27-39.

Du, H., Zhou, G., Fan, W., Ge, H., Xu, X., Shi, Y., & Fan, W. (2010). Spatial heterogeneity and carbon contribution of aboveground biomass of moso bamboo by using geostatistical theory. Plant Ecology, 207, 131-139.

Dransfield, S. & Widjaja, E.A. (1995). Plant resources of South East Asia No. 7: Bamboos. Bogor: Prosea.

Handoko, C. (2011). Agroforestri berbasis bambu di Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Thesis. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Huzaemah, Mulyaningsih, T., & Aryanti, E. (2016). Identifikasi bambu pada Daerah Aliran Sungai Tiupupus Kabupaten Lombok Utara. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 16(2), 23-36.

Li, Y., Jiang, P., Chang, S.X., & Wu, J. (2014). Organic mulch and fertilization affect soil carbon pools and forms under intensively managed bamboo (Phyllostachys praecox) forests in southeast China. Journal of Soils Sediments, 10, 739–747.

Loiwatu, M., & Manuhuwa, E. (2008). Komponen kimia dan anatomi tiga jenis bambu dari Seram, Maluku. Agritech, 28 (2), 76-83.

Luo, Z., Bahkali, A.L.I.H., Liu, X., Phookamsak, R., Zhao, Y., Zhou, D., & Hyde, K.D. 2016. Poaceascoma aquaticum sp. nov. (Lentitheciaceae), a new species from submerged bamboo in freshwater. Phitotaxa, 253(1), 71–80.

Mailly, D., Christanty, L. & Kimmins, J. P. (1997). ‘Without bamboo, the land dies’: Nutrient cycling and biogeochemistry of a Javanese Bamboo talun-kebun system. Forest Ecological Management, 91(2-3), 155-173.

Marsoem, S.N., Setiaji, F., Kim, H-H., Sulistyo, J., Irawati, D., Nugroho, D.W., & Pertiwi, Y.A.B. (2015). Fiber morphology and physical characteristics of Gigantochloa atter at three different ages and heights of culms for better utilization. Journal of Korean Wood Science and Technology, 43(2), 145-155.

Octriviana, R., & Ardiarini, R. (2017). Observasi plasma nutfah bambu di Kabupaten Malang. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 5(6), 1044-1052.

Suprihatno, B., Hamidy, R., & Amin, B. (2012). Analisis biomassa dan cadangan karbon tanaman bambu belangke (Gigantochloa pruriens). Journal of Environmental Science, 6(1), 82-92.

Sutaryo, D. 2009. Penghitungan Biomassa. Sebuah Pengantar Untuk Studi Karbon dan Perdagangan Karbon. Bogor: Wetlands International Indonesia Program.

Song, X., Zhou, G., Jiang, H., Yu, S., Fu, J., Li, W., & Peng, C. (2011). Carbon sequestration by Chinese bamboo forests and their ecological benefits: assessment of potential, problems, and future challenges. Environmental Reviews, 19: 418-428.

Taufik, M. (2017). Eksplorasi jamur kayu makroskopis di Taman Hutan Raya (Tahura) K.G.P.A.A. Mangkunagoro 1, Ngargoyoso, Karanganyar, Jawa Tengah. Skripsi. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Viana, P.L., Filgueiras, T.S., & Clark, L.G. (2015). Cambajuva (Poaceae : Bambusoideae : Bambuseae : Arthrostylidiinae), a new woody bamboo genus from Southern Brazil. Systematic Botany, 38(1), 97-103.

Wahyudi. (2014). Teknik konservasi tanah serta implementasinya pada lahan terdegradasi dalam kawasan hutan. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Lingkungan, 6(2), 71-85.

Wang, B., & Niu, X. (2013). Biomass and carbon stock in moso bamboo forests in subtropical China: characteristics and implications. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 25(1), 137–148.

Wicaksono, R,L,, Purwanto, R.S., Soeprijadi, D. (2012.) Inventore volume, biomassa dan karbon bambu petung (Dendrocalamus asper Becker) di hutan rakyat (Kasus di Dusun Ngandong, Desa Giri Kerto, Kec. Turi, Kab. Sleman DIY). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Agroforestry III. Yogyakarta, 29 Mei 2012.

Widiyanto, H. (2014). Kajian sensitifitas kawasan taman hutan raya (Tahura) KGPAA Mangkunagoro I Karanganyar. Thesis. Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.

Yani, A.P. (2014). Keanekaragaman bambu dan manfaatnya di Desa Tabalagan Bengkulu Tengah. Jurnal Gradien, 10(2), 987–991.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v4i2.816

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Belantara

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Statcounter:

Pengunjung


Indexed By :

                        



 E-ISSN 2614-3453   P-ISSN 2614-7238

  Forestry Study Program University Of Mataram

Jl Pendidikan No 37 Mataram- Nusa Tenggara Barat Telp. (0370)7505654  e-mail: belantara@unram.ac.id 

 

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Belantara (E-ISSN 2614-3453 P-ISSN 2614-7238) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.