KELEMBAGAAN PENGELOLAAN MANGROVE BERBASIS MASYARAKAT DI KESATUAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN MODEL WILAYAH III PROVINSI ACEH

Ok Hasnanda, Bramasto Nugroho, Hariadi Kartodihardjo, Nyoto x Nyoto Santoso

Abstract


Institutional community-based mangrove management as an alternative to sustainable management of mangrove forests. This study aims to analyze which factors from the institution most play a role in guiding the community in managing mangrove forest resources in relation to forest management units (FMU). Primary data were collected through interviews conducted semi-structured to 26 respondents selected by the purposive sampling method. The snowball method is used to capture information from key figures. Deepening is considered complete if information saturation has occurred which is marked by repetition of the same information. While secondary data, obtained from various libraries. Of the three models of mangrove management institutions, namely the community institution of Pusong Kapal Village (PKV), the community institution of Pusong Telaga Tujoh Village (PTTV), and the Community Forestry (CF-BM) Bina Mufakat institution where the analysis shows that the community institutions of Pusong Kapal Village (PKV) are more flexible as an alternative form of community-based mangrove management institutions, because this institution is able to adapt to the changing social and environmental conditions that continue to occur, the collaboration of management with the government, and the recognition of community rights in the use of mangrove forests. FMU as the management authority at the site level has guaranteed the upholding of the rights of the PKV community as the manager of mangrove forests so that the bundle of rights and incentives obtained in the management of mangrove resources by PKV communities becomes strong.


Keywords


Kelembagaan, Pengelolaan Berbasis Masyarakat, KPH

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agrawal A., Chhatre A. 2006. Explaining success on the commons: community forest governance in the Indian himalayas. World Development. 34, 49-166. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2005.07.01

Agrawal A., Gupta K. 2005. Decentralization and participation: the governance of common pool resources in Nepal’s Terai. World Development. 33 (7), 1101-1114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2005.04.009

Adhikari KP., Goldey P. 2010. Social capital and its “downside”: The impact on sustainability of induced community-based organizations in Nepal. World Development 38 (2): 184-194. DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.10.012

Alcorn J., Kajuni A., Winterbottom B. 2002. Assessment of CBNRM best practices in Tanzania. Final Report for USAID, Tanzania.

Anshari GZ. 2006. Dapatkah pengelolaan kolaboratif menyelamatkan Taman nasional Danau Sentarum? Center for International Forestry Research [CIFOR]. Bogor.

Asthon EC., Macintosh DJ. 2002. Preliminary assessment of the plant diversity and community ecology of Sematan mangrove forest, Serawak, Malaysia. Forest Ecology and Management 166: 111-129. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00673-9

Aswita., Syahputra, OH. 2012. Integrated coastal management in Pusong Cium Island for habitat of tuntong laut (Batagur borneoensis), District of Seuruway, Aceh Tamiang Regency, Aceh Province-Indonesia. Laporan Hasil Penelitian. Banda Aceh: Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kehutanan Yayasan Teungku Chik Pante Kulu, Banda Aceh.

Berkes F. 2008. Sacred Ecology: Traditional ecological knowledge and resource management. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.

Berkes F, 2002. Cross-scale institutional linkages: perspectives from the bottom up. In: Ostrom E., Dietz T., Dolsak N., Stern PC., Stonich S., Weber EU. (Eds.), The Drama of the Commons. National Academy Press, Washington DC, pp. 293–321.

Bhattacharya P., Pradhan L., Yadav G. 2010. Joint forest management in India: Experiences of two decades. Resources, Conservation, and Recycling 54 (8): 469-480. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2009.10.003

Borrini-Feyerabend G., Farvar MT., Nguinguiri JC., Ndangang V. 2000. Co-management of natural resources: Organizing negotiation and learning by doing Kasparek, Heidelberg (Germany). http://nrm.massey.ac.nz/changelink/cmnr.html

Brockington D. 2007. Devolution, community conservation and forest. On local government performance and village forest reserves in Tanzania. Society and Natural Resources 20, 835-848. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920701460366

Bromley DW. 1989. Economic Interest and Institutions: The Conceptual Foundations of Public Policy. Basil Blackwell, New York. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/ S0266267100003126

Caballero G., Varella MM., Garza MD. 2014. Institutional change, fishing rights and governance mechanisms: the dynamics of the spanish 300 fleet on the grand sole fishing grounds. Marine Policy 44, 465-472.

Carlson LM., Doyle J. 2002. Complexity and robustness. PNAS 99, 2538-2545.

Carlson L., Sandstrom A. 2008. Network governance of the commons. International Journal of the Commons 1 (2): 33-54.

Carlsson L., Berkes F. 2005. Comanagement: concepts and methodological implications. Journal of Environmental Management 75: 65-76. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2004.11.008

Cornwall A., Jewkes R. 1995. What is participatory research?. Social Sciense Medicine, 41 (12) 1667-1676. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(95)00127-5

Ezwardi I. 2009. Struktur vegetasi dan mintakat hutan mangrove di Kuala Bayeun, Kabupaten Aceh Timur, Provinsi Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. [Skripsi]. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Harrison S., Suh J. 2004. Progress and Prospects of community forestry in developing and developed countries. Small-Scale Forest Economics, Management and Policy (3) 3. 278-302.

Hayes TM. 2006. Park, people, and forest protection: an institutional assessment of the effectiveness of protected areas. World Development 34 (12) 2064-2075. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2006.03.002

Hidayat A. 2005. Institutional Analysisof Coral Reef Management: Case Study of Gili Indah Village, West Lombok, Indonesia. Shaker Verlag, Aachen.

Janssen MA., Holahan R., Lee A., Ostrom E. 2010. Laboratorium expriments for the study of social-ecological systems. Science 358, 613-617. DOI: 10.1126/science.1183532

Kathiresan L., dan Bingham BL. 2001. Biology of Mangroves and Mangrove Ecosystems. Advances in Marine Biology Vol 40: 81‐251. Parangipettai‐India. https ://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2881 (01) 40003-4

Kementerian Negara Lingkungan Hidup. 2004. Kumpulan peraturan pengendalian

kerusakan pesisir dan laut. Deputi bidang peningkatan konservasi sumberdaya alam dan pengendalian kerusakan lingkungan.

Knight J. 1992. Institutions and Social Conflict. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Kusmana C. 2012. Management Mangrove Ecosystem in Indonesia. Paper Presented in Workshop on Mangrove Re-Plantation and Coastal System Rehabilitation. Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta.

Majid, AB. 2014. Studi potensi ekowisata mangrove di Kuala Langsa, Provinsi Aceh. [Skripsi]. Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara.

McGinnis MD. 2011. An introduction to IAD and the language of the Ostrom workshop: a simple guide to a complex framework. The Policy Studies Journal, Vol 39: 1. DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-0072.2010.00401.x

Mukul SA., Uddin MB., Rashid AZM., Fox J. 2010. Integrating livelihoods and conservation in protected areas: Understanding the role and stakeholder views on prospects for non-timber forest products, a Bangladesh case. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 17 (2): 180-186. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 13504500903549676

Muttaqin MZ. 2012. Pengelolaan Lahan dan Hutan di Indonesia: Akses Masyarakat Lokal Ke Sumber daya Hutan dan Pengaruhnya pada Pembayaran Jasa lingkungan dalam Muttaqin MZ, Subarudi (eds). Pengelolaan Kawasan Hutan dan Lahan dan Pengaruhnya bagi Pelaksanaan REDD+ di Indonesia: Tenure, Stakeholder dan Livelihoods. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan, Bogor.

Nelson A., Chomitz KM. 2009. Protected area effectiveness in reducing tropical deforestation: a global analysis of the impact of protection status. Independent Evaluation Group Evaluation Brief 7.

North CD. 1990. Instituions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge University Press. New York. USA.

Nugroho B. 2013. Reformasi kelembagaan dan tata kepemerintahan: Faktor pemungkin menuju tata kelola kehutanan yang baik dalam Kartodihardjo H. (ed): “Kembali Ke Jalan Lurus: Kritik Penggunaan Ilmu dan Praktek Kehutanan Indonesia”. Forci Development dan Tanah Air Beta, Yogyakarta.

Nursidah., Nugroho B., Darusman D., Rusdiana O., Rasyid Y. 2012. Pengembangan institusi untuk membangun aksi kolektif lokal dalam pengelolaan hutan kawasan lindung SWP DAS Arau, Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, Vol. XVIII, (1): 18–30 DOI: 10.7226/jtfm.18.1.18.

Ostrom E. 1990. Governing the commons: the evaluation of institutions for collective action. Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom.

Ostrom E. 1999. Institutional rational choice: an assessment of the institutional analysis and development framework. In: Sabatier P (ed). Theories of the Policy Process: Theoretical Lenses on Public Policy. Westview Press, Boulder Co, pp. 35-71.

Ostrom E. 2005. Understanding Institutional Diversity. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Ostrom E. 2011. Background on The Institutional Analysis and Development Framework. The Policy Studies Journal 39 (1): 7-27. DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-0072.2010.00394.x

Phan Nguyen Hong (ed). 2006. The Role of Mangrove and Coral Reef Ecosystem in Natural Disaster Mitigation and Coastal Life Improvement. World Conservation Union: Hanoi, Vietnam.

Pidgeon E. 2009. Carbon Sequestration by Coastal Marine habitats: Important missing Sink. In The Management of Natural Coastal Carbon Sink. IUCN: Gland, Switzerland.

Roy AKD., Alam K., Gow J. 2012. A review of the role of property rights and forest policies in management of the Sundarbans mangrove forest in Bangladesh. Forest Policy and Economics 15 (1): 46-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2011.08.009

Roy AKD., Alam K. 2012. Participatory forest management for the sustainable management of the Sunderbans mangrove forest. American Journal of Environmental Sciences 8 (5): 549-555. DOI: 10.3844/ajessp.2012.549.555

Schweik CM. 1998. Sosial norms and human foraging an investigation into the spatial distribution of Shorea robusta in Nepal. In: Gibson C., McKean M, and Ostrom E (Eds). Forest resources and Institutions. Forest, Tress and People Programme, Working Paper 3. FAO, Rome, Italy.

Scott WR, 2008. Institutions and Organizations: Ideas and Interests. SAGE Publications, Thousand Oaks.

Singleton S. 1998. Constructing Cooperation: the Evolution of Institutions of Comanagement. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.

Sithole B. 1997. The Institutional frameworks for the management and use of natural resources in communal areas of Zimbabwe: village cases of access to and use of dambos from Mutoko and Chiduku. CASS, University of Zimbabwe, Harare.

Soontornwong S. 2006. Improving livelihood through CBNRM: a case of self-organization in community mangrove management in Thailand. in Mahanty S, Fox J, Nurse M, Stephen P, and McLees L, editors. Hanging in the balance: equity in community-based natural resource management in Asia. East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. pp 182–199.

Sudtongkong C., Webb EL. 2008. Outcomes of state vs community based mangrove management in southern Thailand. Ecology and Society 13 (2), 27-50. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art27/




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v4i1.594 Abstract View: 0, PDF Download: 0

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Belantara

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Statcounter:

Pengunjung


Indexed By :

                    



 E-ISSN 2614-3453   P-ISSN 2614-7238

  Forestry Study Program Mataram University

Jl Pendidikan No 37 Mataram- Nusa Tenggara Barat Telp. (0370)7505654  e-mail: belantara@unram.ac.id 

 

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Belantara (E-ISSN 2614-3453 P-ISSN 2614-7238) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.