ANALISIS KONTEN PEMBERITAAN INTERAKSI MANUSIA-SATWA PREDATOR DI INDONESIA
AuthorsArdiantiono Ardiantiono , Afrizal Maula Alfarisi , Yanuar Ishaq , Rhemawati Wijaya , Reza Septian , Adhi Nurul Hadi
Issue:Vol. 5 No. 2 (2022)
How to Cite
AbstractMedia reports on human-predator interaction can influence public attitudes and supports toward wildlife conservation. Negative interactions between humans and wildlife in Indonesia are dominated by two predator species: Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) and saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). This research aims to characterize the patterns of media reporting on human-predator interaction and compare the reporting between tiger and crocodile. Media reports published between 2017-2019 were collected from online mass media using Google News searching tool. Four parameters were used to evaluate the media content: tone, framing, illustration, and objectivity. Reports on human-tiger interaction (HTI; 356 articles) and human-crocodile interaction (HCI; 430 articles) showed similar patterns including dominant negative headline tone, neutral reporting focusing on interaction events, use of neutral-safe illustrations, and objective reporting. Further investigation showed that some aspects of media reporting on HCI differed from HTI. Reporting on HTI incidents used more negative contents and illustrations; and was not as comprehensive as HTI reporting. To promote balanced reporting, this research recommends collaboration between practitioners, scientists, and media to increase the media awareness on human-predator interactions and wildlife conservation; to write engaging content; and to increase the roles of practitioners and scientists as writers and sources in mass media.
Achmad, E., Kurniawan, A., & Lestari, Y. (2021). Analisis spasial sebaran lahan kritis di KPHP Unit Xii Batanghari Provinsi Jambi. Jurnal Belantara, 4(2), 127. https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v4i2.820
Athreya, V., Srivathsa, A., Puri, M., Karanth, K. K., Kumar, N. S., & Karanth, K. U. (2015). Spotted in the news: Using media reports to examine leopard distribution, depredation, and management practices outside protected areas in southern India. PLoS ONE, 10(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142647
Bhatia, S., Athreya, V., Grenyer, R., & MacDonald, D. W. (2013). Understanding the role of representations of human-leopard conflict in Mumbai through media-content analysis. Conservation Biology, 27(3), 588–594. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12037
Boissonneault, M.-F., Gladstone, W., Scott, P., & Cushing, N. (2005). Grey nurse shark human interactions and portrayals: A study of newspaper portrayals of the grey nurse shark from 1969-2003. Electronic Green Journal, 1(22).
Bombieri, G., Nanni, V., Delgado, M. del M., Fedriani, J. M., López-Bao, J. V., Pedrini, P., & Penteriani, V. (2018). Content analysis of media reports on predator attacks on humans: Toward an understanding of human risk perception and predator acceptance. BioScience, 68(8), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biy072
BPS. (2020). Statistik telekomunikasi Indonesia 2019. In BPS. Badan Pusat Statistik.
Brackhane, S., Webb, G., Xavier, F. M. E., Gusmao, M., & Pechacek, P. (2018). When conservation becomes dangerous: Human-Crocodile conflict in Timor-Leste. Journal of Wildlife Management, 82(7), 1332–1344. https://doi.org/10.1002/jwmg.21497
Cardillo, M., MacE, G. M., Gittleman, J. L., Jones, K. E., Bielby, J., & Purvis, A. (2008). The predictability of extinction: Biological and external correlates of decline in mammals. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 275(1641), 1441–1448. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.0179
CrocBITE. (2020). The worldwide crocodilian attack database. Big Gecko. http://www.crocodile-attack.info
Cuthbert, B. N., Bradley, M. M., & Lang, P. J. (1996). Probing picture perception: Activation and emotion. In Psychophysiology (Vol. 33, Issue 2, pp. 103–111). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.1996.tb02114.x
Dayer, A. A., Williams, A., Cosbar, E., & Racey, M. (2017). Blaming threatened species: media portrayal of human–wildlife conflict. Oryx, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605317000783
Delibes-Mateos, M. (2020). Wolf media coverage in the region of castilla y León (Spain): Variations over time and in two contrasting socio-ecological settings. Animals, 10(4), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10040736
Dickman, A. J. (2010). Complexities of conflict: The importance of considering social factors for effectively resolving human-wildlife conflict. Animal Conservation, 13(5), 458–466. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2010.00368.x
Dickman, A. J., Marchini, S., & Manfredo, M. (2013). The importance of the human dimension in addressing conflict with large carnivores. In D. W. Macdonald & K. J. Willis (Eds.), Key Topics in Conservation Biology (2) (Vol. 2, pp. 110–126). Oxford University Press.
Driscoll, C., Macdonald, D. W., & O’Brien, S. J. (2009). From wild animals to domestic pets, an evolutionary view of domestication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(1), 9971–9978.
Ekayani, M., Nurrochmat, D. R., & Darusman, D. (2016). The role of scientists in forest fire media discourse and its potential influence for policy-agenda setting in Indonesia. Forest Policy and Economics, 68, 22–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2015.01.001
Entman, R. M. (1993). Framing: Toward clarification of a fractured paradigm. Journal of Communication, 43(4), 51–58. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.1993.tb01304.x
Frank, B. (2016). Human–wildlife conflicts and the need to include tolerance and coexistence: An introductory comment. Society and Natural Resources, 29(6), 738–743. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2015.1103388
Hathaway, R. S., Bryant, A. E. M., Draheim, M. M., Vinod, P., Limaye, S., & Athreya, V. (2017). From fear to understanding: Changes in media representations of leopard incidences after media awareness workshops in mumbai, India. Journal of Urban Ecology, 3(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1093/jue/jux009
Hughes, C., Foote, L., Yarmey, N. T., Hwang, C., Thorlakson, J., & Nielsen, S. (2020). From human invaders to problem bears: A media content analysis of grizzly bear conservation. Conservation Science and Practice, 2(4), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.176
Jacobs, M. H. (2009). Why do we like or dislike animals? Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 14(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1080/10871200802545765
Jacobson, S. K., Langin, C., Carlton, J. S., & Kaid, L. L. (2012). Content analysis of newspaper coverage of the florida panther. Conservation Biology, 26(1), 171–179. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2011.01750.x
Kartika, E. C. (2017). Spatio-temporal patterns of human-tiger conflicts in Sumatra 2001-2016.
Ladle, R. J., Jepson, P., & Whittaker, R. J. (2005). Scientists and the media: The struggle for legitimacy in climate change and conservation science. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, 30(3), 231–240. https://doi.org/10.1179/030801805X42036
Liu, B., Hu, M., & Cheng, J. (2005). Opinion observer: analyzing and comparing opinions on the Web. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on World Wide Web, 342–351. http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1060797
Lubis, M. I., Pusparini, W., Prabowo, S. A., Marthy, W., Tarmizi, Andayani, N., & Linkie, M. (2020). Unraveling the complexity of human–tiger conflicts in the Leuser Ecosystem, Sumatra. Animal Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12591
Macdonald, E. A., Burnham, D., Hinks, A. E., Dickman, A. J., Malhi, Y., & Macdonald, D. W. (2015). Conservation inequality and the charismatic cat: Felis felicis. Global Ecology and Conservation, 3, 851–866. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2015.04.006
Manfredo, M. J. (2008). Who cares about wildlife? Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-77040-6_1
Marchini, S., & Macdonald, D. W. (2012). Predicting ranchers’ intention to kill jaguars: Case studies in Amazonia and Pantanal. Biological Conservation, 147(1), 213–221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.01.002
Mayring, P. (2004). Qualitative content analysis. A Companion to Qualitative Research, 1(2004), 159–176.
McCagh, C., Sneddon, J., & Blache, D. (2015). Killing sharks: The media’s role in public and political response to fatal human-shark interactions. Marine Policy, 62, 271–278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2015.09.016
McQuail, D. (2010). Teori Komunikasi Massa Mcquail. In Jakarta: Erlangga. (6th ed.). Salemba Humanika.
Menteri Kehutanan. (2008). Peraturan Menteri Kehutanan Nomor P.48/MENHUT-II/2008 tentang pedoman penanggulangan konflik antara manusia dengan satwa liar.
Muter, B. A., Gore, M. L., & Riley, S. J. (2009). From victim to perpetrator: Evolution of risk frames related to human-cormorant conflict in the Great Lakes. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 14(5), 366–379. https://doi.org/10.1080/10871200903045210
Nanni, V., Caprio, E., Bombieri, G., Schiaparelli, S., Chiorri, C., Mammola, S., Pedrini, P., & Penteriani, V. (2020). Social media and large carnivores: Sharing biased news on attacks on humans. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 8(March), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2020.00071
Papworth, S. K., Nghiem, T. P. L., Chimalakonda, D., Posa, M. R. C., Wijedasa, L. S., Bickford, D., & Carrasco, L. R. (2015). Quantifying the role of online news in linking conservation research to Facebook and Twitter. Conservation Biology, 29(3), 825–833. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12455
Prayitno, D. E., & Ichsan, A. C. (2021). Problematika hukum Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan di Indonesia. Jurnal Belantara, 4(1), 75–88. https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v4i1.754
Ripple, W. J., Wolf, C., Newsome, T. M., Hoffmann, M., Wirsing, A. J., & McCauley, D. J. (2017). Extinction risk is most acute for the world’s largest and smallest vertebrates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(40), 10678–10683. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1702078114
Rust, N. A. (2015). Media framing of financial mechanisms for resolving human–predator conflict in Namibia. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 20(5), 440–453. https://doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2015.1037027
Sabatier, E., & Huveneers, C. (2018). Changes in media portrayal of human-wildlife conflict during successive fatal shark bites. Conservation and Society, 16(3), 338–350. https://doi.org/10.4103/cs.cs-18-5
Sergio, F., Caro, T., Brown, D., Clucas, B., Hunter, J., Ketchum, J., McHugh, K., & Hiraldo, F. (2008). Top predators as conservation tools: Ecological rationale, assumptions, and efficacy. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 39(1), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.39.110707.173545
Serpell, J. A. (2003). Anthropomorphism and anthropomorphic selection - Beyond the “cute response.” Society and Animals, 11(1), 83–100. https://doi.org/10.1163/156853003321618864
Smith, R. J., Veríssimo, D., Isaac, N. J. B., & Jones, K. E. (2012). Identifying Cinderella species: Uncovering mammals with conservation flagship appeal. Conservation Letters, 5(3), 205–212. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2012.00229.x
St. John, F. A. V., Linkie, M., Martyr, D. J., Milliyanawati, B., Mckay, J. E., Mangunjaya, F. M., Leader-Williams, N., & Struebig, M. J. (2018). Intention to kill: Tolerance and illegal persecution of Sumatran tigers and sympatric species. Conservation Letters, 11(4), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12451
St John, F. A. V, Keane, A. M., & Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2013). Effective conservation depends upon understanding human behaviour. In D. W. Macdonald & K. J. Willis (Eds.), Key Topics in Conservation Biology 2 (pp. 344–361). Wiley-Blackwell.
Straka, T. M., Greving, H., & Voigt, C. C. (2020). The effects of bat photographs on emotions, attitudes, intentions, and wildlife value orientations. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2020.1864068
Tewksbury, D., & Rittenberg, J. (2012). News on the Internet: Information and citizenship in the 21st Century. Oxford University Press.
Verissimo, D., MacMillan, D. C., & Smith, R. J. (2011). Toward a systematic approach for identifying conservation flagships. Conservation Letters, 4(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2010.00151.x
Wahid, D. H., & Azhari, S. N. (2016). Peringkasan sentimen ekstraktif di Twitter menggunakan Hybrid TF-IDF dan Cosine Similarity. Indonesian Journal of Computing and Cybernetics Systems, 10(2), 207–218.
Wallace, K. M., Leslie, A. J., & Coulson, T. (2011). Living with predators: A focus on the issues of human-crocodile conflict within the lower Zambezi valley. Wildlife Research, 38(8), 747–755. https://doi.org/10.1071/WR11083
Wolch, J. R., Gullo, A., & Lassiter, U. (1997). Changing attitudes toward California’s cougars. Society & Animals, 5(2), 95–115.
Zamzami, Z. M., Winarno, G. D., Fitriana, Y. R., & Banuwa, I. S. (2021). Analisis temuan patroli polisi hutan terhadap perburuan satwa liar di Resort Way Kanan, Taman Nasional Way Kambas. Jurnal Belantara, 4(2), 186. https://doi.org/10.29303/jbl.v4i2.680
Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Belantara
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The Authors submitting a manuscript has understood that if accepted for publication on Jurnal Belantara, the copyright of the article shall be assigned to Jurnal Belantara of the Forest Study Program University of Mataram as the publisher of the journal. Copyright encompasses rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all forms and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms, and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations.
Jurnal Belantara of the Forest Study Program University of Mataram and the Editors make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions, or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in Jurnal Belantara are the sole responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.
We strongly encourage that manuscripts be submitted to the online journal system in http://belantara.unram.ac.id/index.php/JBL/index. Authors are required to create an account and submit the manuscripts online. For submission inquiries, please follow the submission instructions on the website. If the author has any problems with the online submission, please contact Editorial Office at the following email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Contributors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any materials, including photographs and illustrations, for which they do not hold the copyright and for ensuring that the appropriate acknowledgments are included in the manuscript.
Users of this website will be licensed to use materials from this website following the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. No fees charged. Please use the materials accordingly.